In today’s political and rhetorical visual landscape, many politicians use Twitter as their communication platform by using words and images. My research focused on the following questions: 1) What visual uncertainty images do those politicians carry in their messages on social media and 2) can those visual messages be framed based on a theoretical analysis examination?Here are my work:

2019 Friedman, A.Visual Uncertainty Models Through the Political Lens of the Visual Arts in the Era of Bush and Trump.” Journal of Visual Literacy (JVL). 38(4). DOI: 10.1080/1051144X.2019.1611699

2017Friedman, A. & Ron, S.Unlocking the power of visual grammar theory: Analyzing social media political advertising messages in the 2016 U.S. election.”The Journal of Visual Literacy 36(2).